Awesome Python: A curated list of awesome Python frameworks, libraries, software and resources

Inspired by awesome-php.

Admin Panels

Libraries for administrative interfaces.

  • ajenti – The admin panel your servers deserve.
  • django-grappelli – A jazzy skin for the Django Admin-Interface.
  • django-jet – Modern responsive template for the Django admin interface with improved functionality.
  • django-suit – Alternative Django Admin-Interface (free only for Non-commercial use).
  • django-xadmin – Drop-in replacement of Django admin comes with lots of goodies.
  • flask-admin – Simple and extensible administrative interface framework for Flask.
  • flower – Real-time monitor and web admin for Celery.
  • wooey – A Django app which creates automatic web UIs for Python scripts.

Algorithms and Design Patterns

Python implementation of algorithms and design patterns.

  • algorithms – Minimal examples of data structures and algorithms in Python.
  • PyPattyrn – A simple yet effective library for implementing common design patterns.
  • python-patterns – A collection of design patterns in Python.
  • sortedcontainers – Fast, pure-Python implementation of SortedList, SortedDict, and SortedSet types.


Libraries for manipulating audio and its metadata.

  • Audio
    • audioread – Cross-library (GStreamer + Core Audio + MAD + FFmpeg) audio decoding.
    • dejavu – Audio fingerprinting and recognition.
    • mingus – An advanced music theory and notation package with MIDI file and playback support.
    • pyAudioAnalysis – Audio feature extraction, classification, segmentation and applications.
    • pydub – Manipulate audio with a simple and easy high level interface.
    • TimeSide – Open web audio processing framework.
  • Metadata
    • beets – A music library manager and MusicBrainz tagger.
    • eyeD3 – A tool for working with audio files, specifically MP3 files containing ID3 metadata.
    • mutagen – A Python module to handle audio metadata.
    • tinytag – A library for reading music meta data of MP3, OGG, FLAC and Wave files.


Libraries for implementing authentications schemes.

  • OAuth
    • authlib – JavaScript Object Signing and Encryption draft implementation.
    • django-allauth – Authentication app for Django that “just works.”
    • django-oauth-toolkit – OAuth 2 goodies for Django.
    • oauthlib – A generic and thorough implementation of the OAuth request-signing logic.
    • python-oauth2 – A fully tested, abstract interface to creating OAuth clients and servers.
    • python-social-auth – An easy-to-setup social authentication mechanism.
  • JWT
    • pyjwt – JSON Web Token implementation in Python.
    • python-jose – A JOSE implementation in Python.
    • python-jwt – A module for generating and verifying JSON Web Tokens.

Build Tools

Compile software from source code.

  • BitBake – A make-like build tool for embedded Linux.
  • buildout – A build system for creating, assembling and deploying applications from multiple parts.
  • PlatformIO – A console tool to build code with different development platforms.
  • pybuilder – A continuous build tool written in pure Python.
  • SCons – A software construction tool.

Built-in Classes Enhancement

Libraries for enhancing Python built-in classes.

  • dataclasses – (Python standard library) Data classes.
  • attrs – Replacement for __init____eq____repr__, etc. boilerplate in class definitions.
  • bidict – Efficient, Pythonic bidirectional map data structures and related functionality..
  • Box – Python dictionaries with advanced dot notation access.
  • DottedDict – A library that provides a method of accessing lists and dicts with a dotted path notation.


Content Management Systems.

  • wagtail – A Django content management system.
  • django-cms – An Open source enterprise CMS based on the Django.
  • feincms – One of the most advanced Content Management Systems built on Django.
  • Kotti – A high-level, Pythonic web application framework built on Pyramid.
  • mezzanine – A powerful, consistent, and flexible content management platform.
  • plone – A CMS built on top of the open source application server Zope.
  • quokka – Flexible, extensible, small CMS powered by Flask and MongoDB.


Libraries for caching data.

  • beaker – A WSGI middleware for sessions and caching.
  • django-cache-machine – Automatic caching and invalidation for Django models.
  • django-cacheops – A slick ORM cache with automatic granular event-driven invalidation.
  • dogpile.cache – dogpile.cache is next generation replacement for Beaker made by same authors.
  • HermesCache – Python caching library with tag-based invalidation and dogpile effect prevention.
  • pylibmc – A Python wrapper around the libmemcached interface.
  • python-diskcache – SQLite and file backed cache backend with faster lookups than memcached and redis.

ChatOps Tools

Libraries for chatbot development.

  • errbot – The easiest and most popular chatbot to implement ChatOps.

Code Analysis

Tools of static analysis, linters and code quality checkers. Also see awesome-static-analysis.

  • Code Analysis
    • coala – Language independent and easily extendable code analysis application.
    • code2flow – Turn your Python and JavaScript code into DOT flowcharts.
    • prospector – A tool to analyse Python code.
    • pycallgraph – A library that visualises the flow (call graph) of your Python application.
  • Code Linters
  • Code Formatters
    • black – The uncompromising Python code formatter.
    • yapf – Yet another Python code formatter from Google.
  • Static Type Checkers
    • mypy – Check variable types during compile time.
    • pyre-check – Performant type checking.
  • Static Type Annotations Generators
    • MonkeyType – A system for Python that generates static type annotations by collecting runtime types

Command-line Interface Development

Libraries for building command-line applications.

  • Command-line Application Development
    • cement – CLI Application Framework for Python.
    • click – A package for creating beautiful command line interfaces in a composable way.
    • cliff – A framework for creating command-line programs with multi-level commands.
    • clint – Python Command-line Application Tools.
    • docopt – Pythonic command line arguments parser.
    • python-fire – A library for creating command line interfaces from absolutely any Python object.
    • python-prompt-toolkit – A library for building powerful interactive command lines.
  • Terminal Rendering
    • asciimatics – A package to create full-screen text UIs (from interactive forms to ASCII animations).
    • bashplotlib – Making basic plots in the terminal.
    • colorama – Cross-platform colored terminal text.
    • tqdm – Fast, extensible progress bar for loops and CLI.

Command-line Tools

Useful CLI-based tools for productivity.

  • Productivity Tools
    • cookiecutter – A command-line utility that creates projects from cookiecutters (project templates).
    • doitlive – A tool for live presentations in the terminal.
    • howdoi – Instant coding answers via the command line.
    • PathPicker – Select files out of bash output.
    • percol – Adds flavor of interactive selection to the traditional pipe concept on UNIX.
    • thefuck – Correcting your previous console command.
    • tmuxp – A tmux session manager.
    • try – A dead simple CLI to try out python packages – it’s never been easier.
  • CLI Enhancements
    • httpie – A command line HTTP client, a user-friendly cURL replacement.
    • kube-shell – An integrated shell for working with the Kubernetes CLI.
    • mycli – A Terminal Client for MySQL with AutoCompletion and Syntax Highlighting.
    • pgcli – Postgres CLI with autocompletion and syntax highlighting.
    • saws – A Supercharged aws-cli.


Libraries for migrating from Python 2 to 3.

  • python-future – The missing compatibility layer between Python 2 and Python 3.
  • python-modernize – Modernizes Python code for eventual Python 3 migration.
  • six – Python 2 and 3 compatibility utilities.

Computer Vision

Libraries for computer vision.

Concurrency and Parallelism

Libraries for concurrent and parallel execution. Also see awesome-asyncio.

  • concurrent.futures – (Python standard library) A high-level interface for asynchronously executing callables.
  • multiprocessing – (Python standard library) Process-based parallelism.
  • eventlet – Asynchronous framework with WSGI support.
  • gevent – A coroutine-based Python networking library that uses greenlet.
  • uvloop – Ultra fast implementation of asyncio event loop on top of libuv.
  • scoop – Scalable Concurrent Operations in Python.


Libraries for storing and parsing configuration options.

  • configobj – INI file parser with validation.
  • configparser – (Python standard library) INI file parser.
  • profig – Config from multiple formats with value conversion.
  • python-decouple – Strict separation of settings from code.


  • cryptography – A package designed to expose cryptographic primitives and recipes to Python developers.
  • paramiko – The leading native Python SSHv2 protocol library.
  • passlib – Secure password storage/hashing library, very high level.
  • pynacl – Python binding to the Networking and Cryptography (NaCl) library.

Data Analysis

Libraries for data analyzing.

  • Blaze – NumPy and Pandas interface to Big Data.
  • Open Mining – Business Intelligence (BI) in Pandas interface.
  • Orange – Data mining, data visualization, analysis and machine learning through visual programming or scripts.
  • Pandas – A library providing high-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools.
  • Optimus – Agile Data Science Workflows made easy with PySpark.

Data Validation

Libraries for validating data. Used for forms in many cases.

  • Cerberus – A lightweight and extensible data validation library.
  • colander – Validating and deserializing data obtained via XML, JSON, an HTML form post.
  • jsonschema – An implementation of JSON Schema for Python.
  • schema – A library for validating Python data structures.
  • Schematics – Data Structure Validation.
  • valideer – Lightweight extensible data validation and adaptation library.
  • voluptuous – A Python data validation library.

Data Visualization

Libraries for visualizing data. Also see awesome-javascript.

  • Altair – Declarative statistical visualization library for Python.
  • Bokeh – Interactive Web Plotting for Python.
  • bqplot – Interactive Plotting Library for the Jupyter Notebook
  • Dash – Built on top of Flask, React and Plotly aimed at analytical web applications.
  • plotnine – A grammar of graphics for Python based on ggplot2.
  • Matplotlib – A Python 2D plotting library.
  • Pygal – A Python SVG Charts Creator.
  • PyGraphviz – Python interface to Graphviz.
  • PyQtGraph – Interactive and realtime 2D/3D/Image plotting and science/engineering widgets.
  • Seaborn – Statistical data visualization using Matplotlib.
  • VisPy – High-performance scientific visualization based on OpenGL.


Databases implemented in Python.

  • pickleDB – A simple and lightweight key-value store for Python.
  • tinydb – A tiny, document-oriented database.
  • ZODB – A native object database for Python. A key-value and object graph database.

Database Drivers

Libraries for connecting and operating databases.

  • MySQL – awesome-mysql
  • PostgreSQL – awesome-postgres
    • psycopg2 – The most popular PostgreSQL adapter for Python.
    • queries – A wrapper of the psycopg2 library for interacting with PostgreSQL.
  • Other Relational Databases
    • pymssql – A simple database interface to Microsoft SQL Server.
  • NoSQL Databases
    • cassandra-driver – The Python Driver for Apache Cassandra.
    • happybase – A developer-friendly library for Apache HBase.
    • kafka-python – The Python client for Apache Kafka.
    • py2neo – Python wrapper client for Neo4j’s restful interface.
    • pymongo – The official Python client for MongoDB.
    • redis-py – The Python client for Redis.
  • Asynchronous Clients
    • motor – The async Python driver for MongoDB.
    • Telephus – Twisted based client for Cassandra.
    • txpostgres – Twisted based asynchronous driver for PostgreSQL.
    • txRedis – Twisted based client for Redis.

Date and Time

Libraries for working with dates and times.

  • Chronyk – A Python 3 library for parsing human-written times and dates.
  • dateutil – Extensions to the standard Python datetime module.
  • delorean – A library for clearing up the inconvenient truths that arise dealing with datetimes.
  • moment – A Python library for dealing with dates/times. Inspired by Moment.js.
  • Pendulum – Python datetimes made easy.
  • PyTime – An easy-to-use Python module which aims to operate date/time/datetime by string.
  • pytz – World timezone definitions, modern and historical. Brings the tz database into Python.
  • – Providing user-friendly functions to help perform common date and time actions.
  • maya – Datetimes for Humans.

Debugging Tools

Libraries for debugging code.

  • pdb-like Debugger
    • ipdb – IPython-enabled pdb.
    • pdb++ – Another drop-in replacement for pdb.
    • pudb – A full-screen, console-based Python debugger.
    • wdb – An improbable web debugger through WebSockets.
  • Tracing
    • lptrace – strace for Python programs.
    • manhole – Debugging UNIX socket connections and present the stacktraces for all threads and an interactive prompt.
    • pyringe – Debugger capable of attaching to and injecting code into Python processes.
    • python-hunter – A flexible code tracing toolkit.
  • Profiler
    • line_profiler – Line-by-line profiling.
    • memory_profiler – Monitor Memory usage of Python code.
    • profiling – An interactive Python profiler.
    • py-spy – A sampling profiler for Python programs. Written in Rust.
    • pyflame – A ptracing profiler For Python.
    • vprof – Visual Python profiler.
  • Others
    • icecream – Inspect variables, expressions, and program execution with a single, simple function call.
    • django-debug-toolbar – Display various debug information for Django.
    • django-devserver – A drop-in replacement for Django’s runserver.
    • flask-debugtoolbar – A port of the django-debug-toolbar to flask.
    • pyelftools – Parsing and analyzing ELF files and DWARF debugging information.

Deep Learning

Frameworks for Neural Networks and Deep Learning. Also see awesome-deep-learning.

  • caffe – A fast open framework for deep learning..
  • keras – A high-level neural networks library and capable of running on top of either TensorFlow or Theano.
  • mxnet – A deep learning framework designed for both efficiency and flexibility.
  • pytorch – Tensors and Dynamic neural networks in Python with strong GPU acceleration.
  • SerpentAI – Game agent framework. Use any video game as a deep learning sandbox.
  • tensorflow – The most popular Deep Learning framework created by Google.
  • Theano – A library for fast numerical computation.

DevOps Tools

Software and libraries for DevOps.

  • ansible – A radically simple IT automation platform.
  • cloudinit – A multi-distribution package that handles early initialization of a cloud instance.
  • cuisine – Chef-like functionality for Fabric.
  • docker-compose – Fast, isolated development environments using Docker.
  • fabric – A simple, Pythonic tool for remote execution and deployment.
  • fabtools – Tools for writing awesome Fabric files.
  • honcho – A Python clone of Foreman, for managing Procfile-based applications.
  • OpenStack – Open source software for building private and public clouds.
  • pexpect – Controlling interactive programs in a pseudo-terminal like GNU expect.
  • psutil – A cross-platform process and system utilities module.
  • saltstack – Infrastructure automation and management system.
  • supervisor – Supervisor process control system for UNIX.

Distributed Computing

Frameworks and libraries for Distributed Computing.

  • Batch Processing
    • PySpark – Apache Spark Python API.
    • dask – A flexible parallel computing library for analytic computing.
    • luigi – A module that helps you build complex pipelines of batch jobs.
    • mrjob – Run MapReduce jobs on Hadoop or Amazon Web Services.
    • Ray – A system for parallel and distributed Python that unifies the machine learning ecosystem.
  • Stream Processing


Libraries to create packaged executables for release distribution.

  • dh-virtualenv – Build and distribute a virtualenv as a Debian package.
  • Nuitka – Compile scripts, modules, packages to an executable or extension module.
  • py2app – Freezes Python scripts (Mac OS X).
  • py2exe – Freezes Python scripts (Windows).
  • PyInstaller – Converts Python programs into stand-alone executables (cross-platform).
  • pynsist – A tool to build Windows installers, installers bundle Python itself.


Libraries for generating project documentation.

  • sphinx – Python Documentation generator.
  • pdoc – Epydoc replacement to auto generate API documentation for Python libraries.
  • pycco – The literate-programming-style documentation generator.


Libraries for downloading.

  • s3cmd – A command line tool for managing Amazon S3 and CloudFront.
  • s4cmd – Super S3 command line tool, good for higher performance.
  • you-get – A YouTube/Youku/Niconico video downloader written in Python 3.
  • youtube-dl – A small command-line program to download videos from YouTube.


Frameworks and libraries for e-commerce and payments.

  • alipay – Unofficial Alipay API for Python.
  • Cartridge – A shopping cart app built using the Mezzanine.
  • django-oscar – An open-source e-commerce framework for Django.
  • django-shop – A Django based shop system.
  • merchant – A Django app to accept payments from various payment processors.
  • money – Money class with optional CLDR-backed locale-aware formatting and an extensible currency exchange.
  • python-currencies – Display money format and its filthy currencies.
  • forex-python – Foreign exchange rates, Bitcoin price index and currency conversion.
  • saleor – An e-commerce storefront for Django.
  • shoop – An open source E-Commerce platform based on Django.

Editor Plugins and IDEs

  • Emacs
    • elpy – Emacs Python Development Environment.
  • Sublime Text
    • anaconda – Anaconda turns your Sublime Text 3 in a full featured Python development IDE.
    • SublimeJEDI – A Sublime Text plugin to the awesome auto-complete library Jedi.
  • Vim
    • jedi-vim – Vim bindings for the Jedi auto-completion library for Python.
    • python-mode – An all in one plugin for turning Vim into a Python IDE.
    • YouCompleteMe – Includes Jedi-based completion engine for Python.
  • Visual Studio
    • PTVS – Python Tools for Visual Studio.
  • Visual Studio Code
    • Python – The official VSCode extension with rich support for Python.
  • IDE
    • PyCharm – Commercial Python IDE by JetBrains. Has free community edition available.
    • spyder – Open Source Python IDE.


Libraries for sending and parsing email.

  • envelopes – Mailing for human beings.
  • flanker – An email address and Mime parsing library.
  • imbox – Python IMAP for Humans.
  • – Python SMTP Server for Humans.
  • lamson – Pythonic SMTP Application Server.
  • Marrow Mailer – High-performance extensible mail delivery framework.
  • modoboa – A mail hosting and management platform including a modern and simplified Web UI.
  • Nylas Sync Engine – Providing a RESTful API on top of a powerful email sync platform.
  • yagmail – Yet another Gmail/SMTP client.

Environment Management

Libraries for Python version and virtual environment management.

  • pyenv – Simple Python version management.
  • pipenv – Python Development Workflow for Humans.
  • poetry – Python dependency management and packaging made easy.
  • virtualenv – A tool to create isolated Python environments.


Libraries for file manipulation and MIME type detection.

  • mimetypes – (Python standard library) Map filenames to MIME types.
  • – A module wrapper for os.path.
  • pathlib – (Python standard library) An cross-platform, object-oriented path library.
  • PyFilesystem2 – Python’s filesystem abstraction layer.
  • python-magic – A Python interface to the libmagic file type identification library.
  • Unipath – An object-oriented approach to file/directory operations.
  • watchdog – API and shell utilities to monitor file system events.

Foreign Function Interface

Libraries for providing foreign function interface.

  • cffi – Foreign Function Interface for Python calling C code.
  • ctypes – (Python standard library) Foreign Function Interface for Python calling C code.
  • PyCUDA – A Python wrapper for Nvidia’s CUDA API.
  • SWIG – Simplified Wrapper and Interface Generator.


Libraries for working with forms.

  • Deform – Python HTML form generation library influenced by the formish form generation library.
  • django-bootstrap3 – Bootstrap 3 integration with Django.
  • django-bootstrap4 – Bootstrap 4 integration with Django.
  • django-crispy-forms – A Django app which lets you create beautiful forms in a very elegant and DRY way.
  • django-remote-forms – A platform independent Django form serializer.
  • WTForms – A flexible forms validation and rendering library.

Functional Programming

Functional Programming with Python.

  • Coconut – Coconut is a variant of Python built for simple, elegant, Pythonic functional programming.
  • CyToolz – Cython implementation of Toolz: High performance functional utilities.
  • – Functional programming in Python: implementation of missing features to enjoy FP.
  • funcy – A fancy and practical functional tools.
  • Toolz – A collection of functional utilities for iterators, functions, and dictionaries.

GUI Development

Libraries for working with graphical user interface applications.

  • curses – Built-in wrapper for ncurses used to create terminal GUI applications.
  • Eel – A library for making simple Electron-like offline HTML/JS GUI apps.
  • enaml – Creating beautiful user-interfaces with Declaratic Syntax like QML.
  • Flexx – Flexx is a pure Python toolkit for creating GUI’s, that uses web technology for its rendering.
  • Gooey – Turn command line programs into a full GUI application with one line.
  • kivy – A library for creating NUI applications, running on Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Android and iOS.
  • pyglet – A cross-platform windowing and multimedia library for Python.
  • PyGObject – Python Bindings for GLib/GObject/GIO/GTK+ (GTK+3).
  • PyQt – Python bindings for the Qt cross-platform application and UI framework.
  • PySimpleGUI – Wrapper for tkinter, Qt, WxPython and Remi.
  • pywebview – A lightweight cross-platform native wrapper around a webview component.
  • Tkinter – Tkinter is Python’s de-facto standard GUI package.
  • Toga – A Python native, OS native GUI toolkit.
  • urwid – A library for creating terminal GUI applications with strong support for widgets, events, rich colors, etc.
  • wxPython – A blending of the wxWidgets C++ class library with the Python.

Game Development

Awesome game development libraries.

  • Cocos2d – cocos2d is a framework for building 2D games, demos, and other graphical/interactive applications.
  • Harfang3D – Python framework for 3D, VR and game development.
  • Panda3D – 3D game engine developed by Disney.
  • Pygame – Pygame is a set of Python modules designed for writing games.
  • PyOgre – Python bindings for the Ogre 3D render engine, can be used for games, simulations, anything 3D.
  • PyOpenGL – Python ctypes bindings for OpenGL and it’s related APIs.
  • PySDL2 – A ctypes based wrapper for the SDL2 library.
  • RenPy – A Visual Novel engine.


Libraries for geocoding addresses and working with latitudes and longitudes.

  • django-countries – A Django app that provides a country field for models and forms.
  • GeoDjango – A world-class geographic web framework.
  • GeoIP – Python API for MaxMind GeoIP Legacy Database.
  • geojson – Python bindings and utilities for GeoJSON.
  • geopy – Python Geocoding Toolbox.
  • pygeoip – Pure Python GeoIP API.

HTML Manipulation

Libraries for working with HTML and XML.

  • BeautifulSoup – Providing Pythonic idioms for iterating, searching, and modifying HTML or XML.
  • bleach – A whitelist-based HTML sanitization and text linkification library.
  • cssutils – A CSS library for Python.
  • html5lib – A standards-compliant library for parsing and serializing HTML documents and fragments.
  • lxml – A very fast, easy-to-use and versatile library for handling HTML and XML.
  • MarkupSafe – Implements a XML/HTML/XHTML Markup safe string for Python.
  • pyquery – A jQuery-like library for parsing HTML.
  • untangle – Converts XML documents to Python objects for easy access.
  • WeasyPrint – A visual rendering engine for HTML and CSS that can export to PDF.
  • xmldataset – Simple XML Parsing.
  • xmltodict – Working with XML feel like you are working with JSON.

HTTP Clients

Libraries for working with HTTP.

  • grequests – requests + gevent for asynchronous HTTP requests.
  • httplib2 – Comprehensive HTTP client library.
  • requests – HTTP Requests for Humans™.
  • treq – Python requests like API built on top of Twisted’s HTTP client.
  • urllib3 – A HTTP library with thread-safe connection pooling, file post support, sanity friendly.


Libraries for programming with hardware.

  • ino – Command line toolkit for working with Arduino.
  • keyboard – Hook and simulate global keyboard events on Windows and Linux.
  • mouse – Hook and simulate global mouse events on Windows and Linux.
  • Pingo – Pingo provides a uniform API to program devices like the Raspberry Pi, pcDuino, Intel Galileo, etc.
  • PyUserInput – A module for cross-platform control of the mouse and keyboard.
  • scapy – A brilliant packet manipulation library.
  • wifi – A Python library and command line tool for working with WiFi on Linux.

Image Processing

Libraries for manipulating images.

  • hmap – Image histogram remapping.
  • imgSeek – A project for searching a collection of images using visual similarity.
  • – Nudity detection.
  • pagan – Retro identicon (Avatar) generation based on input string and hash.
  • pillow – Pillow is the friendly PIL fork.
  • pyBarcode – Create barcodes in Python without needing PIL.
  • pygram – Instagram-like image filters.
  • python-qrcode – A pure Python QR Code generator.
  • Quads – Computer art based on quadtrees.
  • scikit-image – A Python library for (scientific) image processing.
  • thumbor – A smart imaging service. It enables on-demand crop, re-sizing and flipping of images.
  • wand – Python bindings for MagickWand, C API for ImageMagick.


Implementations of Python.

  • CPython – Default, most widely used implementation of the Python programming language written in C.
  • Cython – Optimizing Static Compiler for Python.
  • CLPython – Implementation of the Python programming language written in Common Lisp.
  • Grumpy – More compiler than interpreter as more powerful CPython2.7 replacement (alpha).
  • IronPython – Implementation of the Python programming language written in C#.
  • Jython – Implementation of Python programming language written in Java for the JVM.
  • MicroPython – A lean and efficient Python programming language implementation.
  • Numba – Python JIT compiler to LLVM aimed at scientific Python.
  • PeachPy – x86-64 assembler embedded in Python.
  • Pyjion – A JIT for Python based upon CoreCLR.
  • PyPy – A very fast and compliant implementation of the Python language.
  • Pyston – A Python implementation using JIT techniques.
  • Stackless Python – An enhanced version of the Python programming language.

Interactive Interpreter

Interactive Python interpreters (REPL).


Libraries for working with i18n.

  • Babel – An internationalization library for Python.
  • PyICU – A wrapper of International Components for Unicode C++ library (ICU).

Job Scheduler

Libraries for scheduling jobs.

  • APScheduler – A light but powerful in-process task scheduler that lets you schedule functions.
  • django-schedule – A calendaring app for Django.
  • doit – A task runner and build tool.
  • gunnery – Multipurpose task execution tool for distributed systems with web-based interface.
  • Joblib – A set of tools to provide lightweight pipelining in Python.
  • Plan – Writing crontab file in Python like a charm.
  • schedule – Python job scheduling for humans.
  • Spiff – A powerful workflow engine implemented in pure Python.
  • TaskFlow – A Python library that helps to make task execution easy, consistent and reliable.
  • Airflow – Airflow is a platform to programmatically author, schedule and monitor workflows.


Libraries for generating and working with logs.

  • Eliot – Logging for complex & distributed systems.
  • logbook – Logging replacement for Python.
  • logging – (Python standard library) Logging facility for Python.
  • raven – Python client for Sentry, a log/error tracking, crash reporting and aggregation platform for web applications.

Machine Learning

Libraries for Machine Learning. Also see awesome-machine-learning.

  • H2O – Open Source Fast Scalable Machine Learning Platform.
  • Metrics – Machine learning evaluation metrics.
  • NuPIC – Numenta Platform for Intelligent Computing.
  • scikit-learn – The most popular Python library for Machine Learning.
  • Spark ML – Apache Spark‘s scalable Machine Learning library.
  • vowpal_porpoise – A lightweight Python wrapper for Vowpal Wabbit.
  • xgboost – A scalable, portable, and distributed gradient boosting library.

Microsoft Windows

Python programming on Microsoft Windows.

  • Python(x,y) – Scientific-applications-oriented Python Distribution based on Qt and Spyder.
  • pythonlibs – Unofficial Windows binaries for Python extension packages.
  • PythonNet – Python Integration with the .NET Common Language Runtime (CLR).
  • PyWin32 – Python Extensions for Windows.
  • WinPython – Portable development environment for Windows 7/8.


Useful libraries or tools that don’t fit in the categories above.

  • blinker – A fast Python in-process signal/event dispatching system.
  • boltons – A set of pure-Python utilities.
  • itsdangerous – Various helpers to pass trusted data to untrusted environments.
  • pluginbase – A simple but flexible plugin system for Python.
  • tryton – A general purpose business framework.

Natural Language Processing

Libraries for working with human languages.

  • General
    • gensim – Topic Modelling for Humans.
    • – Stand-alone language identification system.
    • nltk – A leading platform for building Python programs to work with human language data.
    • pattern – A web mining module for the Python.
    • polyglot – Natural language pipeline supporting hundreds of languages.
    • pytext – A natural language modeling framework based on PyTorch.
    • PyTorch-NLP – A toolkit enabling rapid deep learning NLP prototyping for research.
    • spacy – A library for industrial-strength natural language processing in Python and Cython.
    • stanfordnlp – The Stanford NLP Group’s official Python library, supporting 50+ languages.
  • Chinese
    • jieba – The most popular Chinese text segmentation library.
    • pkuseg-python – A toolkit for Chinese word segmentation in various domains.
    • snownlp – A library for processing Chinese text.
    • funNLP – A collection of tools and datasets for Chinese NLP.

Network Virtualization

Tools and libraries for Virtual Networking and SDN (Software Defined Networking).

  • mininet – A popular network emulator and API written in Python.
  • pox – A Python-based SDN control applications, such as OpenFlow SDN controllers.


Libraries for networking programming.

  • asyncio – (Python standard library) Asynchronous I/O, event loop, coroutines and tasks.
  • pulsar – Event-driven concurrent framework for Python.
  • pyzmq – A Python wrapper for the ZeroMQ message library.
  • Twisted – An event-driven networking engine.
  • napalm – Cross-vendor API to manipulate network devices.

News Feed

Libraries for building user’s activities.


Libraries that implement Object-Relational Mapping or data mapping techniques.

  • Relational Databases
    • Django Models – A part of Django.
    • SQLAlchemy – The Python SQL Toolkit and Object Relational Mapper.
    • dataset – Store Python dicts in a database – works with SQLite, MySQL, and PostgreSQL.
    • orator – The Orator ORM provides a simple yet beautiful ActiveRecord implementation.
    • peewee – A small, expressive ORM.
    • pony – ORM that provides a generator-oriented interface to SQL.
    • pydal – A pure Python Database Abstraction Layer.
  • NoSQL Databases
    • hot-redis – Rich Python data types for Redis.
    • mongoengine – A Python Object-Document-Mapper for working with MongoDB.
    • PynamoDB – A Pythonic interface for Amazon DynamoDB.
    • redisco – A Python Library for Simple Models and Containers Persisted in Redis.

Package Management

Libraries for package and dependency management.

  • pip – The Python package and dependency manager.
    • PyPI
    • pip-tools – A set of tools to keep your pinned Python dependencies fresh.
  • conda – Cross-platform, Python-agnostic binary package manager.

Package Repositories

Local PyPI repository server and proxies.

  • warehouse – Next generation Python Package Repository (PyPI).
  • bandersnatch – PyPI mirroring tool provided by Python Packaging Authority (PyPA).
  • devpi – PyPI server and packaging/testing/release tool.
  • localshop – Local PyPI server (custom packages and auto-mirroring of pypi).


Libraries that allow or deny users access to data or functionality.

  • django-guardian – Implementation of per object permissions for Django 1.2+
  • django-rules – A tiny but powerful app providing object-level permissions to Django, without requiring a database.


Libraries for starting and communicating with OS processes.

  • – Subprocesses for Humans™ 2.0.
  • sarge – Yet another wrapper for subprocess.
  • sh – A full-fledged subprocess replacement for Python.


Libraries for working with event and task queues.

  • celery – An asynchronous task queue/job queue based on distributed message passing.
  • huey – Little multi-threaded task queue.
  • mrq – Mr. Queue – A distributed worker task queue in Python using Redis & gevent.
  • rq – Simple job queues for Python.

Recommender Systems

Libraries for building recommender systems.

  • annoy – Approximate Nearest Neighbors in C++/Python optimized for memory usage.
  • fastFM – A library for Factorization Machines.
  • implicit – A fast Python implementation of collaborative filtering for implicit datasets.
  • libffm – A library for Field-aware Factorization Machine (FFM).
  • lightfm – A Python implementation of a number of popular recommendation algorithms.
  • spotlight – Deep recommender models using PyTorch.
  • Surprise – A scikit for building and analyzing recommender systems.
  • tensorrec – A Recommendation Engine Framework in TensorFlow.


Libraries for developing RESTful APIs.

  • Django
  • Flask
    • eve – REST API framework powered by Flask, MongoDB and good intentions.
    • flask-api-utils – Taking care of API representation and authentication for Flask.
    • flask-api – Browsable Web APIs for Flask.
    • flask-restful – Quickly building REST APIs for Flask.
    • flask-restless – Generating RESTful APIs for database models defined with SQLAlchemy.
  • Pyramid
    • cornice – A RESTful framework for Pyramid.
  • Framework agnostic
    • apistar – A smart Web API framework, designed for Python 3.
    • falcon – A high-performance framework for building cloud APIs and web app backends.
    • hug – A Python 3 framework for cleanly exposing APIs.
    • restless – Framework agnostic REST framework based on lessons learned from Tastypie.
    • ripozo – Quickly creating REST/HATEOAS/Hypermedia APIs.
    • sandman – Automated REST APIs for existing database-driven systems.


Libraries for robotics.

  • PythonRobotics – This is a compilation of various robotics algorithms with visualizations.
  • rospy – This is a library for ROS (Robot Operating System).

RPC Servers

RPC-compatible servers.


Libraries for scientific computing. Also see Python-for-Scientists

  • astropy – A community Python library for Astronomy.
  • bcbio-nextgen – Providing best-practice pipelines for fully automated high throughput sequencing analysis.
  • bccb – Collection of useful code related to biological analysis.
  • Biopython – Biopython is a set of freely available tools for biological computation.
  • cclib – A library for parsing and interpreting the results of computational chemistry packages.
  • Colour – Implementing a comprehensive number of colour theory transformations and algorithms.
  • NetworkX – A high-productivity software for complex networks.
  • NIPY – A collection of neuroimaging toolkits.
  • NumPy – A fundamental package for scientific computing with Python.
  • Open Babel – A chemical toolbox designed to speak the many languages of chemical data.
  • ObsPy – A Python toolbox for seismology.
  • PyDy – Short for Python Dynamics, used to assist with workflow in the modeling of dynamic motion.
  • PyMC – Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling toolkit.
  • QuTiP – Quantum Toolbox in Python.
  • RDKit – Cheminformatics and Machine Learning Software.
  • SciPy – A Python-based ecosystem of open-source software for mathematics, science, and engineering.
  • statsmodels – Statistical modeling and econometrics in Python.
  • SymPy – A Python library for symbolic mathematics.
  • Zipline – A Pythonic algorithmic trading library.
  • SimPy – A process-based discrete-event simulation framework.


Libraries and software for indexing and performing search queries on data.


Libraries for serializing complex data types

Serverless Frameworks

Frameworks for developing serverless Python code.

  • python-lambda – A toolkit for developing and deploying Python code in AWS Lambda.
  • Zappa – A tool for deploying WSGI applications on AWS Lambda and API Gateway.

Specific Formats Processing

Libraries for parsing and manipulating specific text formats.

  • General
    • tablib – A module for Tabular Datasets in XLS, CSV, JSON, YAML.
  • Office
    • openpyxl – A library for reading and writing Excel 2010 xlsx/xlsm/xltx/xltm files.
    • pyexcel – Providing one API for reading, manipulating and writing csv, ods, xls, xlsx and xlsm files.
    • python-docx – Reads, queries and modifies Microsoft Word 2007/2008 docx files.
    • python-pptx – Python library for creating and updating PowerPoint (.pptx) files.
    • unoconv – Convert between any document format supported by LibreOffice/OpenOffice.
    • XlsxWriter – A Python module for creating Excel .xlsx files.
    • xlwings – A BSD-licensed library that makes it easy to call Python from Excel and vice versa.
    • xlwt / xlrd – Writing and reading data and formatting information from Excel files.
  • PDF
    • PDFMiner – A tool for extracting information from PDF documents.
    • PyPDF2 – A library capable of splitting, merging and transforming PDF pages.
    • ReportLab – Allowing Rapid creation of rich PDF documents.
  • Markdown
    • Mistune – Fastest and full featured pure Python parsers of Markdown.
    • Python-Markdown – A Python implementation of John Gruber’s Markdown.
  • YAML
    • PyYAML – YAML implementations for Python.
  • CSV
    • csvkit – Utilities for converting to and working with CSV.
  • Archive
    • unp – A command line tool that can unpack archives easily.

Static Site Generator

Static site generator is a software that takes some text + templates as input and produces HTML files on the output.

  • mkdocs – Markdown friendly documentation generator.
  • pelican – Static site generator that supports Markdown and reST syntax.
  • lektor – An easy to use static CMS and blog engine.
  • nikola – A static website and blog generator.


Libraries for tagging items.

Template Engine

Libraries and tools for templating and lexing.

  • Jinja2 – A modern and designer friendly templating language.
  • Genshi – Python templating toolkit for generation of web-aware output.
  • Mako – Hyperfast and lightweight templating for the Python platform.


Libraries for testing codebases and generating test data.

  • Testing Frameworks
    • pytest – A mature full-featured Python testing tool.
    • hypothesis – Hypothesis is an advanced Quickcheck style property based testing library.
    • nose2 – The successor to nose, based on `unittest2.
    • Robot Framework – A generic test automation framework.
    • unittest – (Python standard library) Unit testing framework.
  • Test Runners
    • green – A clean, colorful test runner.
    • mamba – The definitive testing tool for Python. Born under the banner of BDD.
    • tox – Auto builds and tests distributions in multiple Python versions
  • GUI / Web Testing
    • locust – Scalable user load testing tool written in Python.
    • PyAutoGUI – PyAutoGUI is a cross-platform GUI automation Python module for human beings.
    • Selenium – Python bindings for Selenium WebDriver.
    • sixpack – A language-agnostic A/B Testing framework.
    • splinter – Open source tool for testing web applications.
  • Mock
    • mock – (Python standard library) A mocking and patching library.
    • doublex – Powerful test doubles framework for Python.
    • freezegun – Travel through time by mocking the datetime module.
    • httmock – A mocking library for requests for Python 2.6+ and 3.2+.
    • httpretty – HTTP request mock tool for Python.
    • mocket – A socket mock framework with gevent/asyncio/SSL support.
    • responses – A utility library for mocking out the requests Python library.
    • – Record and replay HTTP interactions on your tests.
  • Object Factories
    • factory_boy – A test fixtures replacement for Python.
    • mixer – Another fixtures replacement. Supported Django, Flask, SQLAlchemy, Peewee and etc.
    • model_mommy – Creating random fixtures for testing in Django.
  • Code Coverage
    • coverage – Code coverage measurement.
  • Fake Data
    • mimesis – is a Python library that help you generate fake data.
    • fake2db – Fake database generator.
    • faker – A Python package that generates fake data.
    • radar – Generate random datetime / time.

Text Processing

Libraries for parsing and manipulating plain texts.

  • General
    • chardet – Python 2/3 compatible character encoding detector.
    • difflib – (Python standard library) Helpers for computing deltas.
    • ftfy – Makes Unicode text less broken and more consistent automagically.
    • fuzzywuzzy – Fuzzy String Matching.
    • Levenshtein – Fast computation of Levenshtein distance and string similarity.
    • – Paranoid text spacing.
    • pyfiglet – An implementation of figlet written in Python.
    • pypinyin – Convert Chinese hanzi (漢字) to pinyin (拼音).
    • textdistance – Compute distance between sequences with 30+ algorithms.
    • unidecode – ASCII transliterations of Unicode text.
  • Slugify
    • awesome-slugify – A Python slugify library that can preserve unicode.
    • python-slugify – A Python slugify library that translates unicode to ASCII.
    • unicode-slugify – A slugifier that generates unicode slugs with Django as a dependency.
  • Unique identifiers
    • hashids – Implementation of hashids in Python.
    • shortuuid – A generator library for concise, unambiguous and URL-safe UUIDs.
  • Parser
    • ply – Implementation of lex and yacc parsing tools for Python.
    • pygments – A generic syntax highlighter.
    • pyparsing – A general purpose framework for generating parsers.
    • python-nameparser – Parsing human names into their individual components.
    • python-phonenumbers – Parsing, formatting, storing and validating international phone numbers.
    • python-user-agents – Browser user agent parser.
    • sqlparse – A non-validating SQL parser.

Third-party APIs

Libraries for accessing third party services APIs. Also see List of Python API Wrappers and Libraries.

URL Manipulation

Libraries for parsing URLs.

  • furl – A small Python library that makes parsing and manipulating URLs easy.
  • purl – A simple, immutable URL class with a clean API for interrogation and manipulation.
  • pyshorteners – A pure Python URL shortening lib.
  • webargs – A friendly library for parsing HTTP request arguments with built-in support for popular web frameworks.


Libraries for manipulating video and GIFs.

  • moviepy – A module for script-based movie editing with many formats, including animated GIFs.
  • scikit-video – Video processing routines for SciPy.

WSGI Servers

WSGI-compatible web servers.

  • bjoern – Asynchronous, very fast and written in C.
  • gunicorn – Pre-forked, partly written in C.
  • uWSGI – A project aims at developing a full stack for building hosting services, written in C.
  • waitress – Multi-threaded, powers Pyramid.
  • werkzeug – A WSGI utility library for Python that powers Flask and can easily be embedded into your own projects.

Web Asset Management

Tools for managing, compressing and minifying website assets.

  • django-compressor – Compresses linked and inline JavaScript or CSS into a single cached file.
  • django-pipeline – An asset packaging library for Django.
  • django-storages – A collection of custom storage back ends for Django.
  • fanstatic – Packages, optimizes, and serves static file dependencies as Python packages.
  • fileconveyor – A daemon to detect and sync files to CDNs, S3 and FTP.
  • flask-assets – Helps you integrate webassets into your Flask app.
  • webassets – Bundles, optimizes, and manages unique cache-busting URLs for static resources.

Web Content Extracting

Libraries for extracting web contents.

  • html2text – Convert HTML to Markdown-formatted text.
  • lassie – Web Content Retrieval for Humans.
  • micawber – A small library for extracting rich content from URLs.
  • newspaper – News extraction, article extraction and content curation in Python.
  • python-readability – Fast Python port of arc90’s readability tool.
  • requests-html – Pythonic HTML Parsing for Humans.
  • sumy – A module for automatic summarization of text documents and HTML pages.
  • textract – Extract text from any document, Word, PowerPoint, PDFs, etc.
  • toapi – Every web site provides APIs.

Web Crawling

Libraries to automate web scraping.

  • cola – A distributed crawling framework.
  • feedparser – Universal feed parser.
  • grab – Site scraping framework.
  • MechanicalSoup – A Python library for automating interaction with websites.
  • pyspider – A powerful spider system.
  • robobrowser – A simple, Pythonic library for browsing the web without a standalone web browser.
  • scrapy – A fast high-level screen scraping and web crawling framework.
  • portia – Visual scraping for Scrapy.

Web Frameworks

Full stack web frameworks.

  • Django – The most popular web framework in Python.
  • Flask – A microframework for Python.
  • Masonite – The modern and developer centric Python web framework.
  • Pyramid – A small, fast, down-to-earth, open source Python web framework.
  • Sanic – Web server that’s written to go fast.
  • Vibora – Fast, efficient and asynchronous Web framework inspired by Flask.
  • Tornado – A Web framework and asynchronous networking library.


Libraries for working with WebSocket.


Online tools and APIs to simplify development.

Continuous Integration

Also see awesome-CIandCD.

  • CircleCI – A CI service that can run very fast parallel testing.
  • Travis CI – A popular CI service for your open source and private projects. (GitHub only)
  • Vexor CI – A continuous integration tool for private apps with pay-per-minute billing model.
  • Wercker – A Docker-based platform for building and deploying applications and microservices.

Code Quality

  • Codacy – Automated Code Review to ship better code, faster.
  • Codecov – Code coverage dashboard.
  • CodeFactor – Automated Code Review for Git.
  • Landscape – Hosted continuous Python code metrics.
  • PEP 8 Speaks – GitHub integration to review code style.


Where to discover new Python libraries.





Source: Github