Semantic: parsing, analyzing, and comparing source code across many languages

Semantic: parsing, analyzing, and comparing source code across many languages

Semantic

semantic is a Haskell library and command line tool for parsing, analyzing, and comparing source code.

Table of Contents
Usage
Language support
Development
Technology and architecture
Licensing

Usage

Run semantic --help for complete list of up-to-date options.

Parse

Usage: semantic parse ([--sexpression] | [--json] | [--json-graph] | [--symbols]
                      | [--dot] | [--show] | [--quiet]) [FILES...]
  Generate parse trees for path(s)

Available options:
  --sexpression            Output s-expression parse trees (default)
  --json                   Output JSON parse trees
  --json-graph             Output JSON adjacency list
  --symbols                Output JSON symbol list
  --dot                    Output DOT graph parse trees
  --show                   Output using the Show instance (debug only, format
                           subject to change without notice)
  --quiet                  Don't produce output, but show timing stats

Diff

Usage: semantic diff ([--sexpression] | [--json] | [--json-graph] | [--toc] |
                     [--dot] | [--show]) [FILE_A] [FILE_B]
  Compute changes between paths

Available options:
  --sexpression            Output s-expression diff tree (default)
  --json                   Output JSON diff trees
  --json-graph             Output JSON diff trees
  --toc                    Output JSON table of contents diff summary
  --dot                    Output the diff as a DOT graph
  --show                   Output using the Show instance (debug only, format
                           subject to change without notice)

Graph

Usage: semantic graph ([--imports] | [--calls]) [--packages] ([--dot] | [--json]
                      | [--show]) ([--root DIR] [--exclude-dir DIR]
                      DIR:LANGUAGE | FILE | --language ARG (FILES... | --stdin))
  Compute a graph for a directory or from a top-level entry point module

Available options:
  --imports                Compute an import graph (default)
  --calls                  Compute a call graph
  --packages               Include a vertex for the package, with edges from it
                           to each module
  --dot                    Output in DOT graph format (default)
  --json                   Output JSON graph
  --show                   Output using the Show instance (debug only, format
                           subject to change without notice)
  --root DIR               Root directory of project. Optional, defaults to
                           entry file/directory.
  --exclude-dir DIR        Exclude a directory (e.g. vendor)
  --language ARG           The language for the analysis.
  --stdin                  Read a list of newline-separated paths to analyze
                           from stdin.

Language support

Priority Language Parse Assign Diff ToC Symbols Import graph Call graph Control flow graph
1 Ruby white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark construction
2 JavaScript white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark construction
3 TypeScript white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark construction
4 Python white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark construction
5 Go white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark construction
PHP white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark
Java white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark large_orange_diamond white_check_mark
JSON white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark N/A N/A N/A N/A
JSX white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark large_orange_diamond
Haskell white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark large_orange_diamond white_check_mark
Markdown white_check_mark white_check_mark white_check_mark large_orange_diamond N/A N/A N/A
  • white_check_mark — Supported
  • large_orange_diamond — Partial support
  • construction — Under development

Development

We use cabal's Nix-style local builds for development. To get started quickly:

git clone git@github.com:github/semantic.git
cd semantic
git submodule sync --recursive && git submodule update --init --recursive --force
cabal new-update
cabal new-build
cabal new-test
cabal new-run semantic -- --help

semantic requires GHC 8.6.4. We recommend using ghcup to sandbox GHC versions. Our version bounds are based on Stackage LTS versions. The current LTS version is 13.13; stack build should also work if you prefer.

Technology and architecture

Architecturally, semantic:

  1. Reads blobs.
  2. Generates parse trees for those blobs with tree-sitter (an incremental parsing system for programmings tools).
  3. Assigns those trees into a generalized representation of syntax.
  4. Performs analysis, computes diffs, or just returns parse trees.
  5. Renders output in one of many supported formats.

Semantic leverages a number of interesting algorithms and techniques:

Contributions

Contributions are welcome! Please see our contribution guidelines and our code of conduct for details on how to participate in our community.

Licensing

Semantic is licensed under the MIT license.

Source: Github